Question: Why Do We Need Frequency Modulation?

What is difference between modulation and demodulation?

Modulation is the process of influencing data information on the carrier, while demodulation is the recovery of original information at the distant end from the carrier.

A modem is an equipment that performs both modulation and demodulation..

FM is less prone to interference than AM. However, FM signals are impacted by physical barriers. FM has better sound quality due to higher bandwidth. … In AM radio broadcasting, the modulating signal has bandwidth of 15kHz, and hence the bandwidth of an amplitude-modulated signal is 30kHz.

What are the benefits of FM over AM?

The main advantages of FM over AM are:Improved signal to noise ratio (about 25dB) w.r.t. to man made interference.Smaller geographical interference between neighboring stations.Less radiated power.Well defined service areas for given transmitter power.

What is the main disadvantage of FM over AM?

Disadvantages of FM over AM are FM systems have a much wider bandwidth than AM systems and therefore more prone to selective fading. … FM transmitter and receiver require booster circuits as they have poorer signal to noise ratio at high audio frequencies.

What is the need of modulation?

Modulation allows us to send a signal over a bandpass frequency range. If every signal gets its own frequency range, then we can transmit multiple signals simultaneously over a single channel, all using different frequency ranges. Another reason to modulate a signal is to allow the use of a smaller antenna.

Which is the best modulation technique?

Amplitude modulation methods like ASK/OOK and QAM are far more susceptible to noise so they have a higher BER for a given modulation. Phase and frequency modulation (BPSK, FSK, etc.) fare better in a noisy environment so they require less signal power for a given noise level (Fig.

What does a demodulator do?

Demodulation is extracting the original information-bearing signal from a carrier wave. A demodulator is an electronic circuit (or computer program in a software-defined radio) that is used to recover the information content from the modulated carrier wave.

What is difference between AM and FM?

The difference is in how the carrier wave is modulated, or altered. With AM radio, the amplitude, or overall strength, of the signal is varied to incorporate the sound information. With FM, the frequency (the number of times each second that the current changes direction) of the carrier signal is varied.

What is meant by multiplexing?

In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (sometimes contracted to muxing) is a method by which multiple analog or digital signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium. The aim is to share a scarce resource. … The multiplexed signal is transmitted over a communication channel such as a cable.

What is the importance of FM?

The other advantage of FM is its resilience to noise and interference. It is for this reason that FM is used for high quality broadcast transmissions. Easy to apply modulation at a low power stage of the transmitter: Another advantage of frequency modulation is associated with the transmitters.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of FM over AM?

All the transmitted power in FM is useful, while in AM most of the transmitted power is in carrier which contains no information. The amplitude of FM is constant which makes it independent of the modulation deption, while in AM modulation depth directs the transmitted power.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of frequency modulation?

Advantages and Disadvantages of Frequency ModulationAdvantagesDisadvantagesLess interference and noise.Equipment cost is higher. Has a large bandwidth.Power Consumption is less as compared to AM.The receiving are of FM signal is small.1 more row

How is modulation done?

First, a user can tweak the height of the carrier. If an input signal’s height varies with the loudness of a user’s voice and then adds this to the carrier, then the carrier’s amplitude will change corresponding to the input signal that’s been fed into it. This is called amplitude modulation or AM.

What are types of modulation?

Modulation techniques are roughly divided into four types: Analog modulation, Digital modulation, Pulse modulation , and Spread spectrum method. Analog modulation is typically used for AM, FM radio, and short-wave broadcasting. Digital modulation involves transmission of binary signals (0 and 1).

What are the types of frequency modulation?

Usually, a high-frequency sine wave is used as a carrier wave signal. These modulation techniques are classified into two major types: analog and digital or pulse modulation. Prior to discussing further the different types of modulation techniques, let us understand the importance of modulation.

What is the concept of modulation?

In electronics and telecommunications, modulation is the process of varying one or more properties of a periodic waveform, called the carrier signal, with a modulating signal that typically contains information to be transmitted.